What Is The Main Goal Of The The Paris Agreement

The initial commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol has been extended to 2012. This year, delegates at COP18 in Doha, Qatar, agreed to extend the agreement until 2020 (excluding some developed countries that had withdrawn). They also reaffirmed their 2011 commitment at COP17 in Durban, South Africa, to create a new comprehensive climate agreement by 2015 that would commit all major emitters not included in the Kyoto Protocol – such as China, India and the United States – to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The new treaty – which was to become the Paris Agreement – is expected to completely replace the Kyoto Protocol by 2020. However, the Paris Agreement entered into force earlier than planned in November 2016. Instead of giving China and India a passport to pollution, as Trump claims, the pact represents the first time these two major developing countries have agreed on concrete and ambitious climate commitments. Both countries, which are already ready to leave the world ahead in renewable energy, have made significant progress towards achieving their Paris goals. And since Trump announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the deal, the leaders of China and India have reaffirmed their commitment and continued to implement domestic measures to achieve their goals. The Paris Agreement was opened for signature on 22 April 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York.

[59] After several European Union states ratified the agreement in October 2016, enough countries that had ratified the agreement were producing enough greenhouse gases worldwide for the agreement to enter into force. [60] The agreement entered into force on November 4, 2016. [2] The agreement officially entered into force on 4 November 2016, a few days before COP22, and has now been ratified by 169 countries (including the European Union 28), which accounted for 87.75% of emissions. A preliminary study with inventory implications was published in April 2020 in Nature Communications. Based on a public policy database and multi-model scenario analysis, the authors showed that the implementation of current policies by 2030 leaves a median emissions gap of 22.4 to 28.2 GtCO2eq with the optimal pathways to implement the Paris targets well below 2°C and 1.5°C. If nationally determined contributions were fully implemented, this gap would be reduced by one third. It was found that the evaluated countries do not reach the promised contributions with implemented measures (implementation gap) or have an ambition gap with optimal trajectories up to well below 2°C. .

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