Whereas, in some of these countries, there are limits that the courts consider enforceable or valid (for example. B Germany after 2001, where the courts of appeal have so indicated), a written and duly initiated contract, freely agreed, cannot be challenged, for example by arguing the circumstances in which the marriage broke down or the conduct of a party. In France and Belgium (as in Quebec, which has the same legal tradition), marriage contracts must be concluded in the presence of a notary. Marriage contracts are recognised in Australia by the Family Law Act 1975 (Commonwealth).  In Australia, a marriage contract is called a binding financial agreement (BFA).  4.2 that in the event of marriage, they have the absolute and unconditional right to dispose of their separate property, regardless of any rights of the other, and that their rights to their respective property remain as if they were not married. . . .