The idea of creating the Bank was proposed by India at the 4th BRICS Summit in Delhi in 2012. The creation of a new development bank was the main theme of the meeting.  BRICS leaders agreed on the creation of a development bank at the 5th BRICS Summit on 27 March 2013 in Durban, South Africa.  With an authorized initial capital of $100 billion, the NDB will be a key player in global finance. Many members of civil society are closely monitoring the evolution of the NDB to see if it will promote another type of development that will contribute to the social and environmental well-being of communities and countries of the world`s South, or whether it will immortalize a model that has not brought about real development. The international agreement establishing the BNM states that the Bank must be transparent in its activities and that rules on access to information are being developed. Although the NDB has already begun funding projects, it is still developing the internal rules governing the selection and implementation of projects. In 2016, the Bank presented a number of strategies, including a directive on the disclosure of interim information and an environmental and social framework. Despite repeated calls for the impact on civil society, these important policies have been developed without input or consultation with civil society.
In 2016, the NDB Board of Directors approved the first projects in all members of the Bank.    The groups met to discuss the different trends in development finance; Trade and financing monitoring mechanisms in the BRICS countries and various participations related to the creation of THE BRICS-New Development BANK, while others made recommendations to strengthen the Bank`s environmental and social framework. In February 2019, the bank successfully placed RMB3 billion in the China interbank bond market and was listed at the lower end of the advertised price range.  The NDB is headquartered in Shanghai, with a regional office in South Africa. Governance will be shared by BRICS members: the first chairman of the Board of Governors will come from Russia, the chairman of the board of directors of Brazil and India will have the first presidency. The Coalition for Developing Human Rights is working with members and allies in the BRICS countries to monitor the evolution of the NDB. Will national parliaments and civil society have the opportunity to participate in an open and transparent debate on how their countries will work with the NDB, on the type of development that will support their funding and how? On December 21, 2016, the NDB signed its first loan agreement.  The Bank mobilizes resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in the BRICS and other emerging and developing countries, complementing the existing efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for global growth and development.