Agreement Fort

As in 1851, the United States recognized most of the country north of the Sioux Reserve as the Indian territory of Arikara, Hidatsa and Mandan. [g] [7]:594[h] In addition, the United States still recognized the 1851 raven`s claim to Indian territory west of the powder. The raven and the United States agreed on this immensity on May 7, 1868. [i] [i] [7]:1008-11[8]:92 The contract is divided into 17 articles. She founded the Great Sioux Reservation, including the possession of the Black Hills, and set aside additional land as an “indecoupable Indian territory” in the regions of South Dakota, Wyoming and Nebraska and eventually Montana. [c] She stated that the U.S. government would have the power not only to punish white settlers who have committed crimes against tribes, but also tribal members who have committed crimes and who should be handed over to the government instead of being prosecuted in tribal courts. It provided that the government would abandon the fortresses along the Bozeman Trail and contained a series of provisions designed to encourage the transition to agriculture and bring the tribes closer to “the white man`s way of life.” The contract protected certain rights of third parties who were not involved in the negotiations and ended the Red Cloud war. This provision did not include the Ponca, which was not a party to the treaty and therefore did not have the opportunity to object to it when the American negotiators “inadvertently” broke a separate contract with Ponca by illegally selling the entire Ponca reserve to la Lakota, in accordance with Article II of this treaty. [3] The United States never intervened to make the country of La Ponca. Instead, the Lakota claimed the land of Ponca and began attacking the Ponca and demanding tributes until 1876, when U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant decided to resolve the situation by unilaterally ordering the transfer of the Ponca to Indian territory.

The distance, known as the Ponca Trail of Tears, was carried out the following year violently and led to more than 200 deaths. In 1868, the United States entered into a contract with a collective of Indian groups, historically known as Sioux (Dakota, Lakota and Nakota) and Arapaho. The contract founded the Great Sioux Reservation, a large part of the country west of the Missouri River. He also called the Black Hills “indecensed Indian territory” for the exclusive use of natives. But when gold was found in the Black Hills, the United States rejected the agreement, redefined the boundaries of the treaty and limited the Sioux people – traditionally nomadic hunters – to an agricultural lifestyle on the reserve. It was a blatant repeal, which has since been at the centre of the legal debate. During 192 days until November 6, the contract was signed by a total of 156 Sioux and 25 Arapaho, in addition to the Commissioners, and 34 other signatories. [55] Although the commissioners signed the document on April 29 with the BrulĂ©, the party dissolved in May, only two remained at Fort Laramie to complete the talks before going up the Missouri River to collect more signatures from tribes elsewhere. [44]:44 No further changes were made to the conditions during this process.