Lausanne Agreement In Urdu

It is possible here to strike a balance between the treaties of Lausanne II and the “Nanjing Treaty” that China ceded to Britain after the First Opium War, by signing the Tchenba Agreement, which is to end the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the re-island to China in 1997, in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was officially ceded to China, which included a series of high-ranking Chinese and British personalities. , the head of the new government in Hong Kong Tung Chee Hwa , has established a policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” that retains the role of Hong Kong as a major capitalist center in Asia. The “Lausanne II Conference”, which lasted three months and resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, by the contractual partners of the victorious powers after the First World War (particularly Great Britain, France and Italy). , and the Ottoman Empire, which presided over its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was officially divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Among many agreements was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several political groups, including the Committee against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds requested by the Constitution. [20] As a result, Turkey cancelled the concession. [9] In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and one of the main objectives of the British war was the occupation of the island of Hong Kong, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. . It has adopted laws on the use of Turkish waterways and rules of traffic and navigation in it in times of war and peace, sets conditions for residence and trade and justice in Turkey, and verifies the status of the Ottoman Empire and the fate of the territories subordinated to it before its defeat of the First World War of 1914-1918.

Turkey also waived its privileges in Libya, established in 1912 by Article 10 of the Treaty of Ouchy (in accordance with Article 22 of the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne). [3] However, at the end of the treaty, it is assumed that the “spreading of the embassy”, after one hundred years after the signing, has caused political tensions between Turkey and some EU countries. The most important content of the second Treaty of Lausanne: the delimitation of the borders of the empire of the Ottoman caliphate, which Western countries then called “the sick man”, founded for the modern Turkish nation-state under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and its capital Ankara. In 1919, Romania unilaterally declared its sovereignty over the Ottoman fortified island (Adha Castle) and reinforced this claim in the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, the island was completely forgotten in peace talks at the Berlin Conference of 1878, which allowed it to remain the private property of the Ottoman Sultan until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.

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